Buckwheat (11)



The flowers of the Buckwheat genus, Eriogonum, are tiny and grow in round or long clusters. The leaves are usually basal and the stems often woody. See Wild Buckwheat, Colorado Buckwheat and Sorrel Buckwheat for pink flowers and Sulphur Flowers for yellow varieties.

At left is a close up of Annual Buckwheat to show the tiny flowers typical of this genus.

Eriogonum subalpinum

Creamy Buckwheat
Eriogonum umbellatum var. majus (E. subalpinum)

Family:Buckwheat (Polygonaceae)
AKA: Subalpine Buckwheat
Photo taken on: June 27, 2004
Location: Snodgrass, GV, CO
Life Zones: Plains to alpine
Habitat: Dry meadows

Grows in a tight mat of leaves with leafless stems. At lower elevations, the plants can be 12" high. arrow


The flowers at left growing at 11,000 feet are just a few inches high.

Flowers change from creamy white to pink, orange, then red as they age.

Flora of North America reference.

Eriogonum jamesii jamesii

James' Buckwheat
Eriogonum jamesii

Family: Buckwheat (Polygonaceae)
AKA: Antelope Sage
Photo taken on: August 9, 2012
Location: Rio Chama Recreation Area, NM
Life Zones: Plains to montane
Habitat: Dry open areas

Grows to 12" with woody, branched stems. Leaves are spatula shaped and grow to 4" long in a basal rosette with long stalks.

Flora of North America reference.

Eriogonum ovalifolium

Cushion Buckwheat
Eriogonum ovalifolium

Family:Buckwheat (Polygonaceae)
AKA: Silver Plant
Photo taken on: September 5,2011
Location: Capulin National Monument, NM
Life Zones: Plains to foothills
Habitat: Dry, rocky areas

Grows to 5" high in mats with small, oval, gray-green leaves. Flowers are white tinged with pink as they age.

Flora of North America reference.

Eriogonum lonchophyllum

Spearleaf Buckwheat
Eriogonum lonchophyllum

Family: Buckwheat (Polygonaceae)
AKA:
Photo taken on: July 4, 2017
Location: Dillon Pinnacles, CO
Life Zones: Foothills to montane
Habitat: Openings, roadsides

Grows to 2 feet tall and wide with erect, lance-shaped basal leaves. Clusters of tiny flowers grow at the top of many branched stems.

Flora of North America reference.

Eriogonum microthecum

Slender Buckwheat
Eriogonum microthecum

Family:Buckwheat (Polygonaceae)
AKA: Simpson's Buckwheat
Photo taken on: August 9, 2012
Location: Rio Chama Recreation Area, NM
Life Zones: Plains and foothills
Habitat: Sandy woodlands

Grows in a delicate airy pattern to 12" with sparse, narrow leaves. The tiny flowers are white with a pink stripe.

Flora of North America reference.

Eriogonum annuum

Annual Buckwheat
Eriogonum annuum

Family: Buckwheat (Polygonaceae)
AKA: Umbrella Plant
Photo taken on: July 27, 2012
Location: Abiquiu, NM
Life Zones: Plains and foothills
Habitat: Dry, sandy areas, roadsides

Grows over 3ft tall in an open airy pattern with silvery, fuzzy stems and leaves. Leaves are mainly on the lower part of the stem. Flowers are tiny and can be pinkish.

Flora of North America reference.

Eriogonum bicolor

Pretty Buckwheat
Eriogonum bicolor

Family:Buckwheat (Polygonaceae)
AKA:
Photo taken on: May 10, 2010
Location: Little Wildhorse Canyon, UT
Life Zones: Foothills
Habitat: Dry rocky areas, canyons

Low growing in a dense mat of lance-shaped grayish leaves. Tiny flowers are white tinged with red.

Eriogonum bicolor

Flora of North America reference.

 

Eriogonum leptophyllum

Slenderleaf Buckwheat
Eriogonum leptophyllum

Family: Buckwheat (Polygonaceae)
AKA:
Photo taken on: August 19, 2013
Location: FS RD 151, Abiquiu, NM
Life Zones: Plains and foothills
Habitat: Sagebrush, pinyon-juniper communities

Grows in a rounded form to 2 feet with narrow, green leaves on the stems. The edges of the leaves are tightly curled back. Flowers grow in compact clusters with long stamens protruding.

Flora of North America reference.

Eriogonum effusum

Spreading Buckwheat
Eriogonum effusum

Family: Buckwheat (Polygonaceae)
AKA: Prairie Baby's Breath
Photo taken on: September 18, 2014
Location: Ghost Ranch, Abiquiu, NM
Life Zones: Plains and foothills
Habitat: Dry areas, hillsides

Grows to 12" in a bushy form with spreading wiry reddish stems. Flowers are tiny and grow in flat-topped clusters.

Flora of North America reference.

Eriogonum corymbosum var. velutinum

Crispleaf Buckwheat
Eriogonum corymbosum var. velutinum

Family: Buckwheat (Polygonaceae)
AKA: Velvety Wild Buckwheat
Photo taken on: September 18, 2014
Location: Ghost Ranch, Abiquiu, NM
Life Zones: Plains and foothills
Habitat: Dry gravelly areas, hillsides

A perennial shrub growing to 4 feet tall and 5 feet wide with grey, woolly leaves. Leaves are oblong to oval-shaped with crinkly, "crisped", edges and feel velvety. Tiny white to pink flowers grow in rounded clusters.

Flora of North America reference.

Eriogonum cernuum

Nodding Buckwheat
Eriogonum cernuum

Family: Buckwheat (Polygonaceae)
AKA:
Photo taken on: August 4, 2015
Location: Echo Amphitheatre, Abiquiu, NM
Life Zones: Plains and foothills
Habitat: Sandy soils, grasslands, woodlands

Grows 10" to 20" high with delicate, airy branches. Leaves are roundish and low on the stem, not basal. The tiny flowers hang from slender stems and are white to pinkish turning red with age.

Flora of North America reference.

White/Cream Round Clusters