Brome (5)

Bromus tectorum

Downy Brome
Bromus tectorum

Family: Grass (Poaceae)
AKA: Cheatgrass, Downy Chess
Photo taken on: July 6, 2011
Location: Crested Butte South, CO
Life Zones: Plains to montane
Habitat: Dry fields, waste areas

Grows to 2ft with drooping seed heads and soft, hairy, flat leaves. Flowers are purplish, hairy and have bristles up to ⅝" long (photo below at left). Seed heads in September (photo at right).

It is considered noxious because it competes with more desirable grasses for moisture.arrow

Bromus tectorumBromus tectorum
Bromus catharticus

Rescue Grass
Bromus catharticus

Family: Grass (Poaceae)
AKA: Brome Grass
Photo taken on: September 15, 2011
Location: White Rock, NM
Life Zones: Plains and foothills
Habitat: Waste areas, roadsides

Grows to 2ft without hairs or bristles. Leaves are flat and narrow. Distinguished by its strongly flattened flower spikes. It turns straw-colored when mature.

Bromus catharticus

Bromus inermis

Smooth Brome
Bromus inermis

Family: Grass (Poaceae)
AKA: Awnless Brome, Perennial Brome
Photo taken on: July 18, 2011
Location: Taylor Canyon, GV, CO
Life Zones: Foothills to subalpine
Habitat: Moist to dry open sites

Grows to 4ft tall erect. It is distinguished by a prominent W-shaped constriction on the flat leaf blades. arrow

grass

Bromus inermis




Flower clusters are open and branched, green to pale brown, sometimes purplish. Smooth Brome is widely planted for pasture grazing, hay and wildlife cover.

Bromus secalinus

Rye Brome
Bromus secalinus

Family: Grass (Poaceae)
AKA: Cheat, Common Chess
Photo taken on: June 24, 2014
Location: Rio Chama, Abiquiu, NM
Life Zones: Plains and foothills
Habitat: Grain fields, meadows, waste areas

Grows to over 3ft with a light green stem sheathed with darker green, narrow leaves. Nodes are swollen and dark-colored.  Flower spikes are flat and ¾" long, and droop when they become heavy with seeds. The ligule is a prominent, ragged membrane. It is considered a noxious weed in many states.

Bromus secalinus

Bromus frondosus

Weeping Brome
Bromus frondosus

Family: Grass (Poaceae)
AKA: Cheat, Common Chess
Photo taken on: August 1, 2015
Location: Lake Irwin, GV, CO
Life Zones: Foothills and montane
Habitat: Rocky slopes, open woods

Grows erect 20" to 40" with drooping flower heads. Stems, leaves and spikelets are hairless. Leaves are flat and wide. The spikelets have ¼" bristles. Lower glumes have three nerves. Also observed at Bandelier National Monument, NM a few days later.

Grasses, Sedges & Rushes