Grasses, Sedges & Rushes

Grasses are wildflowers too but their flowers do not need to be showy to attract the birds and the bees because they are pollinated by the wind. They are very diverse and have their own beauty. Although often the dominant plant in a habitat and so important as a food source for mankind and animals, they are easily overlooked. These plants belong to the Grass, Sedge and Rush families. Grasses have round, hollow stems and they are the only family to have joints in their stems, sedges have solid, triangular stems and rushes have solid, round stems. These are common species that can be identified with the naked eye.

Annual Rabbitsfoot GrassFoxtail BarleyBarnyard GrassKentucky Bluegrass
Annual Rabbitsfoot GrassBarley(2)Barnyard Grass(2)Bluegrass(3)
bluejointBothriochloa laguroidesBristlegrass - Setaria viridisbrome
BluejointBluestem(4)Bristlegrass(2)Brome(5)
Buffalo GrassSchoenoplectus acutusCanada Wild RyeTypha latifolia
Buffalo Grass(2)BulrushCanada Wild RyeCattail(2)
Typha latifoliaSporobolus cryptandrusFescuePleuraphis jamesii
Dallisgrass Dropseed(3)Fescue(3)Galleta
Sorghum bicolorgrama grassesindiangrassOryzopsis hymenoides
Grain SorghumGrama Grass(4)Indian Grass Indian Ricegrass
Koeleria macranthaLittle BluestemEragrostis spp
Jointed GoatgrassJunegrassLittle BluestemLovegrass
MuhlyNeedle and ThreadOrchard Grass
Muhly(4)Needle-and-Thread GrassNuttall's AlkaligrassOrchard Grass
Phalaris arundinaceaTorrey's RushField Sandbursaltgrass
Reed Canary Grass Rush(9)SandburSaltgrass
Common SpikerushBouteloua curtipendulaLuzula parvifloraTrisetum spicatum
Sedge(9)Side-oats GramaSmall-flowered WoodrushSpike Trisetum
Common SpikerushSquirreltailred three-awnThree Square
Spikerush(2)SquirreltailThree-Awn(2)Three Square
Timber OatgrasstimothywheatgrassChloris virgata
Timber OatgrassTimothy(2)Wheatgrass(6)Windmill Grass(2)
Panicum    
Witchgrass